Before Buying Shares, Get to Know the Types of Shares First!

Welcome to our article which will discuss types of shares. If you are interested in investing in the stock market, it is important that you understand the different types of shares available. In this article, we will explain in a casual and friendly manner about several types of shares that are commonly found. With this knowledge, you will have a better understanding of the stock market and can make smart investment decisions. Let’s start!

Types of Shares

  1. Common Stock
    Ordinary shares are the most common type of shares issued by companies. Ordinary shareholders have voting rights at general shareholder meetings and are entitled to dividends if the company distributes dividends. However, ordinary shareholders also have a higher risk because they are paid last if the company goes into liquidation.
  2. Preferred Stock (Preferred Stock)
    Preferred shares give their holders special rights compared to ordinary shares. Preferred stockholders have priority in receiving dividends and claim rights to company assets in the event of liquidation. Preferred shares also tend to have a fixed dividend rate, although they usually do not have voting rights at shareholder meetings.
  3. Blue Chip Stocks
    Blue chip stocks are shares of large, well-established companies that are considered stable. Blue chip companies have a good reputation, a solid history of growth, and usually pay regular dividends. Investing in blue chip stocks is considered safer and suitable for investors looking for long-term stability.
  4. Growth Stocks
    Growth stocks are shares of companies that are expected to have high growth in the future. Companies with growth stocks tend to operate in fast-growing industries and have the potential to generate significant profits. Investing in growth stocks tends to be riskier, but can also provide profitable returns.
  5. Value Stocks
    Value stocks are company shares that trade at prices below their intrinsic value. Investors who buy value stocks look for opportunities to profit by identifying stocks that are considered undervalued or selling at a price lower than their true value. Investing in value stocks involves careful fundamental analysis to find stocks that have the potential to increase in value in the future.
  6. High Dividend Stocks High dividend
    stocks are company shares that provide high dividends to shareholders. Investing in high dividend stocks usually appeals to investors seeking passive income from regularly paid dividends. Companies with high dividend stocks typically operate in stable industries and generate enough cash flow to support consistent dividend payments.
  7. Penny Stocks
    Penny stocks are shares that trade at very low prices, often under $5 per share. Penny stocks generally come from small companies that have low market capitalization. Investing in penny stocks involves high risk due to low liquidity and high price volatility. Before investing in penny stocks, it is important to conduct careful research and understand the risks involved.


In this article, we have discussed several types of shares that are commonly found on the market. Common stocks, preferred stocks, blue chip stocks, growth stocks, value stocks, high dividend stocks, and penny stocks have different characteristics and risks. Before starting to invest in the stock market, it is important to understand these types of shares and conduct research and consult with financial experts to help you make the right investment decisions.

Remember that investing in shares involves risk, and investment results may vary. Make sure you have sufficient knowledge, understand your risk tolerance, and diversify your portfolio to reduce risk. Keep learning and following stock market developments to keep your finances healthy. Hopefully this article is useful and provides useful insight in understanding the types of shares. Happy investing!