Don’t make the wrong move! First understand the taxes you must pay as a freelancer

Hello friends! For those of you who are freelancers or work independently, of course you have to consider financial aspects such as taxes. Taxes are one of the obligations that every individual, including freelancers, needs to fulfill. On this occasion, we will discuss taxes for freelancers in more detail. Come on, read this article until the end!

Taxes for Freelancers

As a freelancer, there are several things you need to know regarding taxes. Here are some important things to pay attention to:

  1. NPWP Registration
    NPWP or Taxpayer Identification Number is a tax identity issued by the Directorate General of Taxes. As a freelancer, you are required to have a NPWP and register yourself as a taxpayer. NPWP registration can be done online via the official website of the Directorate General of Taxes or through the nearest tax office.
  2. Tax Payments
    As a freelancer, you have to pay taxes on the income you receive. Income tax imposed on freelancers is usually based on gross income or total income before deducting operational costs and deductible taxes. The amount of income tax that must be paid depends on the tax rates in effect in that tax year.
  3. Calculation of PPh Article 21.
    Income tax that must be paid by freelancers is often regulated through PPh Article 21. PPh Article 21 is income tax that is deducted directly by the party paying the freelancer. The paying party will deduct a certain amount of tax from the honorarium or payment received and then pay it to the Directorate General of Taxes.
  4. Annual SPT Report
    Every year, you as a freelancer must submit an Annual SPT (Notification Letter). Annual SPT is an annual tax report that contains details of your income and expenses for one tax year. This report must be submitted no later than March 31 each year. Make sure to save all evidence and transaction records relating to your income and expenses to make it easier to fill out your Annual Tax Return.
  5. VAT Tax (Value Added Tax)
    Apart from PPh Article 21, freelancers also need to pay attention to VAT tax. VAT is a tax imposed on the sale of goods and services. If you sell products or services that fall into a category subject to VAT, you must charge and collect VAT from your clients or customers. Then, the collected VAT must be remitted to the Directorate General of Taxes.
  6. Tax Deductions
    As a freelancer, you also have the right to apply for tax deductions. Tax deductions can be made by taking into account operational costs, official travel costs, insurance costs, and so on. Make sure to keep proof of these expenses properly for the purposes of calculating taxes and legal deductions.


Those are some things you need to know regarding taxes for freelancers. Taxes are a responsibility that must be fulfilled by every individual, including freelancers. By understanding and complying with tax obligations, you can run your business or work properly and legally.

If you have further questions or need help regarding taxes, it is highly recommended to consult a tax expert or someone who is competent in this field. They will help you to understand tax procedures and obligations in more depth.

Keep in mind that this article only provides a general overview of taxes for freelancers. Every individual has different tax situations and needs, therefore, it is important to do further research and follow the applicable tax rules. Hopefully this article is useful and helps you in managing your tax obligations as a freelancer. Happy work and always success!